unemployed are those registered as
able, available and willing to work at the going wage rate in any suitable
job who cannot find employment.
is a flow concept - i.e. there are inflows and outflows from the total.
Unemployment falls when more people leave the unemployment register (when
they find work) than sign on each month.
The annual average rate of unemployment for the UK since 1971 using
the claimant count figures are shown in the chart below.
Labour Force Survey
April 1998, the Government introduced a new monthly Labour
Force Survey using a different measure of unemployment. The new measure
is based on the International Labour Organisation (ILO) definition of
unemployment. It covers those who have looked for work in the past four weeks
and are able to start work in the next two weeks.
previous monthly count only included those who were unemployed and claiming
benefit. This excluded a number of people who are classed as unemployed under
the ILO definition.
most significant group who are now included in the monthly unemployment
statistics are women seeking work whose partners are on means tested benefit.
is an adjustment made to economic data that allows for changes due solely to
the period of time at which the data was collected, instead of examining the
underlying forces in which we may in fact be interested.
example, at Christmas, the unemployment figures may be artificially reduced
due to the number of people taking temporary employment in the retail sector.
The seasonally adjusted unemployment figures will exclude this rise in
temporary employment from their calculations.
Counting the unemployed (bbc 14.3.01)
unemployment (bbc 14.5.98)
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